The chloroplast is enclosed in a double outer membrane, and its size approximates a spheroid about 2,500 nm thick and 5,000 nm long. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Carbon dioxide (CO2) reacts with water (H2O) in the presence of sunlight to form glucose (C6H12O6) and oxygen (O2). Side by Side Comparison – Respiration vs Photosynthesis in Tabular Form He has more than ten years of diverse experience as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist. KHUZWAYO. Respiration and photosynthesis are biological reactions in the environment that complement each other. Carbon dioxide produced during respiration is one of … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. In contrast, photosynthesis is an anabolic process that produces foods. Therefore, respiration is the main way of obtaining energy, which is vital to maintain all the biological processes. 1. Plants release oxygen which is a by-product of photosynthesis, and we breathe in oxygen so that our cells can carry out cellular respiration and generate ATP. Vidyasagar, Aparna. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. List four factors that affect the rate of respiration. In this process, glucose is broken down into carbon dioxide and water and release energy in the form of ATP. All rights reserved. “Introduction to Cellular Respiration and Redox.” Khan Academy, Khan Academy, Available here. 2- Photosynthesis … Respiration and photosynthesis are two of the most important processes of life. Hence, it could be stated that respiration produces energy by burning the foods inside cells. 3. Photosynthesis and Respiration List four factors that affect the rate of respiration. Photosynthesis The process of photosynthesis is a chemical reaction. 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The Importance of Photosynthesis and Respiration Explain how photosynthesis and respiration are linked in order to provide you with energy from the food you eat: Photosynthesis is the process in which certain life forms are able to use sunlight to create energy. In contrast, photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and releases oxygen. 6. 5. 1. using our fun classroom quiz game Quizalize and … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In respiration, the biochemical energy of food transforms into adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and carbon dioxide as a result of the utilization of oxygen. This process is called photosynthesis and it occurs in the chloroplast of the plant cell. Aerobic respiration process uses oxygen as the final electron acceptor while anaerobic respiration takes place in the absence of oxygen and makes use of other chemicals such as sulphur compounds to generate energy. Carbon dioxide is the waste product and the main product ATP is the usable form of energy of organisms. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 4. The module is divided into three lessons, namely: • Lesson 1 – Photosynthesis • Lesson 2 – Respiration • Lesson 3 – Basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration After going through this module, you are expected to: a. Differentiate photosynthesis and cellular respiration; b. Short answer: See Wikipedia articles Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. In summary, both photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes occuring in living organisms in order to obtain energy. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Photosynthesis. It takes place only in the presence of light. Explain how light and dark reactions differ. The cycle of photosynthesis and respiration maintains the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Overview and Key Difference Write the chemical equation for photosynthesis and explain it. 3. THE SUN: MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR LIFE ON EARTH 4. 1. Explain how light and dark reactions differ. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration is a biochemical process that utilizes oxygen and converts food into energy while photosynthesis is a process that produces carbohydrates and releases oxygen into the atmosphere. There are two major steps in photosynthesis: light reaction and dark reaction. Glucose and Pyruvate Electrons ATP (Energy) Phosphorylation Carbon Dioxide Water Inputs and Outputs of Cellular Respiration: Outputs: Outputs: Oxygen Excess sugar Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis produces the oxygen It takes place only in the cells containing chlorophyll. Both are similar reactions that occur in a … Carbon dioxide, oxygen, glucose and water play major roles in both processes. 5 and 6. Also, respiration occurs in all living organisms. They know that respiration is one of the seven life processes of living things. 3. A comprehensive database of photosynthesis and cellular respiration quizzes online, test your knowledge with photosynthesis and cellular respiration quiz questions. “2503 Cellular Respiration” By OpenStax College – Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site, Jun 19, 2013. Generally, the rate of respiration is less than that of photosynthesis. Additionally, respiration utilizes oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. Cellular Respiration is a process that occurs in the mitochondria of all organisms. Similarities Between Respiration and Photosynthesis Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Cellular respiration and photosynthesis are critical in the continued cycle of energy to sustain life as we define it. Photosynthesis makes the glucose that is used in cellular respiration to make ATP. 4. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration burns food and produces energy while photosynthesis produces foods by capturing the sunlight. At the end of the aerobic respiration, it produces a net amount of 38 ATP molecules from one glucose molecule (C6H12O6). Plants and animals contribute… Autotrophs, such as plants, produce glucose using the carbon in carbon dioxide. differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration (S9LT-lg-j-31 ) FORMATIVE Pre test Oral recitation Demonstration SUMMATIVE Unit test Week 9 Photosynthesis Respiration differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and FORMATIVE Oral recitation . Respiration and Photosynthesis are two of the processes, which revolve around the concepts of storage of energy and release of energy. Sugars (glucose), amino acids, and fatty acids are amongst the highly used respiratory substrates in respiration. Write the chemical equation for photosynthesis and explain it. In other words, we can say that they are the similar sort of reactions occurring in reverse. 4. The green colour of the chlorophyll in the chloroplast is responsible for capturing sunlight at the desired level for the process of activation of electrons. What is Photosynthesis However, it depends mainly on the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, light intensity, and temperature. You can change your ad preferences anytime. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } It is important to notice that the respiration process is either aerobic or anaerobic depending on the involvement of oxygen in the process. The ATP is used for all the processes that occurs within the cell. 2. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast of the cells of plants, green algae, and cyanobacteria. Respiration and photosynthesis are two of the most important processes of life. Both have several stages in which the creation of energy occurs, and have varied relationships with organelles located within the eukaryotic cell. Education Type ... Differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration 1- Photosynthesis is the process in which an organism in take CO2, sunlight and water to make food. 2. 10. Both the processes are inter-related, and serve one another. The Importance of Photosynthesis and Respiration Explain how photosynthesis and respiration are linked in order to provide you with energy from the food you eat: Photosynthesis is the process in which certain life forms are able to use sunlight to create energy. The entire process of aerobic respiration involves four major steps: glycolysis, citric acid cycle (Krebs cycle), oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, and oxidative phosphorylation. Most importantly, photosynthesis releases oxygen and maintains the carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere. Both these processes are dependent on each other; animals feed on fruits produced by plants to obtain … Photosynthesis: 1. Photosynthesis is the biochemical process that converts the energy of sunlight into organic compounds using carbon dioxide. 1. The light reaction involves Z-scheme and water photolysis while the dark reaction involves Calvin cycle and carbon concentrating mechanisms. However, the recent anthropogenic activities have detrimental effects on the photosynthetic purification of CO2 in the atmosphere. Explain the importance of transpiration to plants. The end products of photosynthesis are carbohydrates and oxygen. Moreover, both processes are globally important in order to maintain CO2 and O2 levels. Quiz your students on Short Quiz in Science 9 differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration. This energy is released during cell activities of the organism. 2. 2. Most importantly, photosynthesis maintains the global CO2 level at a low level and improves the O2 level of the atmosphere. Define respiration and explain why it is important. Part of their importance is that without either, we could not exist. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. > What are the different basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration? During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. It is the released oxygen that is used by us and most other organisms for cellular respiration. Primarily, one of these processes converts the unusable energy into food while the other process makes a serviceable form of energy from that stored food. Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in plants, algae and cyanobacteria. While photosynthesis requires carbon dioxide and releases oxygen, cellular respiration requires oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. The breathing process keeps us alive and photosynthesis provides us oxygen to breathe in. 3. “What Is Photosynthesis?” LiveScience, Purch, 15 Oct. 2018, Available here. However, photosynthesis stores the energy of sunlight in the form of chemical energy in sugar and starch molecules while cellular respiration breaks down organic compounds such as sugar and starch in order to produce energy in the form of ATP (energy currency). Photosynthesis and Respiration NOMUSA KHUZWAYO 2. 2- Respiration takes place in both plants and animals. In eukaryotes, respiration takes place in mitochondria while photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts. Importance of Cellular Respiration to Photosynthesis Cellular respiration allows all living cells to extract energy in the form of ATP from food and offer that energy for the vital processes of life. Thus, this summarizes the difference between respiration and photosynthesis. 4. Explain the importance of … The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration is a biochemical process that utilizes oxygen and converts food into energy while photosynthesis is a process that produces carbohydrates and releases oxygen into the atmosphere. Photosynthesis and Respiration. 3. Respiration is a catabolic process that burns food in order to produce ATP. In fact, it is the energy currency of living organisms. Photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration (An Introduction), The Role of Light and Growth Regulators in Seed Germination, ATP, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration Notes New, Power Point 5.1: Cell Energy (Photosynthesis & Respiration), No public clipboards found for this slide, Photosynthesis and respiration powerpoints. The efficiency of the entire process of the photosynthesis varies around 3 – 6%. Photosynthesis and respiration powerpoints 1. Photosynthesis is the photochemical process in the green plants synthesize food or sugar by using sunlight in the presence of carbon dioxide, water and chlorophyll present in the green parts of the plants. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. All living cells in plants, animals and humans take part in cellular respiration in one form or another. 5. Wrap-Up 19. Respiration occurs in the mitochondria while photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts. Define respiration and explain why it is important. Respiration and photosynthesis are two extremely important biochemical processes occurring in living organisms. 2. Respiration and photosynthesis are two important biochemical processes occurring in living organisms. 1. Comparing Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Cellular Energy Chapter 8 Process Reactants Products Energy Involved Photosynthesis carbon dioxide, water glucose, oxygen input of radiant energy (sunlight) Cellular Respiration glucose, oxygen carbon dioxide, water release of chemical energy (ATP) 18. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. Inputs: Why Is Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Important? If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. Photosynthesis and Respiration The importance of photosynthesis can be understood with respect to our breathing process. Moreover, a further difference between respiration and photosynthesis is the place where it occurs. In addition, carbon dioxide is involved in both these processes, but at different places. 2. PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is a processes by which plants convert light energy to chemical energy. 2. demonstrate the role of light in photosynthesis; 3. explain the process of cellular respiration; and 4. compare photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Learners have already looked at photosynthesis and respiration in previous grades. In brief, both photosynthesis and cellular respiration are processes of converting a source of energy into chemical or biochemical energy which can be used by an organism to fuel certain activities. These two fascinating processes are different from each other in many ways as discussed in this article. Light energy is changed to the biochemical energy of sugar and other organic compound and oxygen are released during this process. 6. Photosynthesis produces the oxygen to replenish oxygen that is used up by living organisms during respiration. The principal difference, however, between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water in the presence of … Play major roles in both these processes, but at different places both processes relationships with organelles located within eukaryotic... Slides you want to go back to later there are two important biochemical processes occurring in living.! 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