After the call to Robert Moffat on the 8th of December 1840, David first sailed to Africa. During this year of his life, Livingstone started working on a cotton mill in town while teaching himself every evening [1]. He is considered the greatest abolitionist for Africa’s former slave trade. The first time Livingstone stepped foot on African soil was in Cape Town during 1841. The journalist pleaded with Livingstone to leave with him, but Livingstone passionately declined. His men were not loyal, and his equipment, brought from Bombay, was in poor condition. He eventually ended up in the village of Nyangwe, where he witnessed a devastating massacre where Arabic slave traders killed hundreds of people. He also exposed the horrific, treacherous slave trade happening in Africa. Africa was still a place of mystery to the Europeans. In April 1873, Livingstone would take his last steps in the march for discovery and abolition. He inspired the next generation to initiate healthcare practices and an education system for people living in central Africa. One of the greatest legacies that he left behind was the stirring for the abolition of slavery. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Although Livingstone was aged and sickly, he was determined to carry on until the Lord would take him. Within a year and a half, he died in a mud hut, kneeling beside his cot in prayer. When he landed in South Africa, on 17 March 1841, David Livingstone was coming to a continent that was plagued with problems. Mr. and Mrs. Livingstone and their youngest son sail for Cape Town. This is what spurred his passion to explore the entire continent of Africa. After a brief heroic return to England, Livingstone returned to Africa, this time to navigate 1,000 miles up the Zambezi in a brass-and-mahogany steamboat to establish a mission near Victoria Falls. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In 1866, Livingstone returned to Africa for a mission to discover the source of the Nile. In his absences, his children grew up missing their father, and his wife Mary (daughter of Mary and Robert Moffat), whom he wed in 1845, endured very poor health, and died of malaria on 27 April 1862 trying to follow him in Africa. Livingstone was an Englishman who believed that the African slave trade could be destroyed through the influence of Christianity and by treating the African people with kindness and respect. If anything will advance the interests of the kingdom, it shall be given away or kept, only as by giving or keeping it I shall promote the glory of Him to whom I owe all my hopes in time and eternity.”. He wanted colonies, economies, and merchant trade to rise up in Africa from the Western world. During his childhood, David disliked Scripture and “religion”. I gawked, thinking this had to be a far fetch. He had become a doctor and an ordained minister before leaving England. Livingstone was now with the Lord. Stanley stayed with Livingstone for a whole four months. He played the largest role in the discovery and mapping of the unknown continent of Africa at his time. He even kept a medicine chest with him at all times. Jacques-Louis David was a 19th-century painter who is considered to be the principal proponent of the Neoclassical style. But during his twentieth year, Livingstone wrote this regarding his personal conversion to Christ: “I saw the duty and inestimable privilege to accept salvation by Christ. It was also a key to furthering Livingstone’s ministry, as his relationships with tribal groups would prove to be crucial for his explorations later on. In 1840, David Livingstone set sail for South Africa as a Christian missionary. Livingstone had a lot to be thankful for. Advertisement Let's talk about Dr. David Livingstone, his life, and death on the African continent. Home » Posts Page » Blog » Missionary Stories » David Livingstone: Missionary, Explorer, and Abolitionist. ". 1871 – David Livingstone disappeared. He was now known by the whole Western world, and they were dying with curiosity over his endeavors. During the 1840s, Livingstone made several expeditions from the mission base in Kuruman. Both the Royal Geographical Society and the sensationalist New York Herald organized expeditions to find him. Not heard from for years, he was believed lost. These were all foundational to proving the success of their mission. He often starved and had very little clean water. Not only did he inspire them, but he made the map for them to get there. He crossed the continent from east to west and would ultimately come across many bodies of water previously uncharted by Europeans, including the Zambezi River and Victoria Falls. He was breaking history, while the world mourned and wondered. He marched on, but his feet were covered in sores, and he was still overcome with dysentery. His findings were world-changing. Something tells me that I shall find him. By 1856, Livingstone had gone across the continent from west to east, arriving at the coastal region of Quelimane in what is present-day Mozambique. The man was so disheartened by the tragedy that his ambition suffered greatly. Stanley caught a fresh new insight for his case once Livingstone appeared in Ujiji. Traveling over 2,000 miles on foot, Livingstone went from the west coast of Luanda and all way around to the east coast Mozambique in the span of three years. David Livingstone is the fourth missionary in our 10 Christian Missionaries Every Christian Should Know series. Once on the coast, Livingstone was able to sail home. Responding to his call, Mary applied to become a missionary in Calabar, Nigeria. Livingstone had a plan of his own, but it did not involve the government’s control. He was diligent unto death. His findings contained hitherto unknown details about the continent that led to European nations seizing African land in imperialistic zeal, which some speculate Livingstone would have opposed. Using none other than Livingstone’s very own map, Stanley embarked further inland. During this time, Dr. David Livingstone fell in love with Robert Moffat’s daughter, Mary Moffat. Livingstone’s work changed the British view of using “lesser races” for material gain. He explained to a classroom full of Cambridge University students; “For my own part, I have never ceased to rejoice that God has appointed me to such an office. Livingstone died from dysentery and malaria on May 1, 1873, at the age of 60, in Chief Chitambo's Village, near Lake Bangweulu, North Rhodesia (now Zambia). In 1829, African American abolitionist David Walker wrote an incendiary pamphlet that argued for the end of slavery and discrimination in the United States. Leaving his wife in Cape Town, Livingstone discovered even more new territories and landmarks. Known for his photo collages and paintings of Los Angeles swimming pools, David Hockney is considered one of the most influential British artists of the 20th century. The death and despair that Livingstone witnessed were enough to push him forward. David Livingstone pursued training in medicine and missionary work before moving to Africa in 1841. One article describes Dr. David Livingstone as “Mother Teresa, Neil Armstrong, and Abraham Lincoln rolled into one”. Livingstone was also a hero to fellow missionaries. David Livingstone was born on March 19, 1813, in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, and grew up with several siblings in a single tenement room. But his courage was arguably most captivating. No longer were they searching for the source of the Nile, they were searching for Livingstone. The missionary believed the way to abolish slavery was to explore the continent and expose the evil to the rest of the world. 1856 – Livingstone returns to England and receives a hero’s welcome with the gold medal from the Royal Geographic Society. Dozens of the men passed away from countless diseases, while Stanley himself contracted smallpox, malaria, and dysentery, all the while traveling 700 miles on foot. ... Why did Livingstone feel that Africans could spread the message better? The expedition did not fare well, with squabbling among the crew and the original boat having to be abandoned. This was one of the most remarkable of his many discoveries. Anxiety, sickness, suffering, or danger, now and then, with a foregoing of the common conveniences and charities of this life, may make us pause, and cause the spirit to waver, and the soul to sink; but let this only be for a moment. Which is exactly what was needed to end the slave trade in Africa. When David Livingstone reported accounts of experience on his Second Journey to Africa, he recommended that Christianity be introduced in the area to counteract slave trade activities. ... Where did he go to school? Livingstone’s heart will forever be in Africa. I shall not die; I will not die; I cannot die. His men were not loyal, and his equipment, brought from Bombay, was in poor condition.Outrages broke out amongst the group, causing disunity and distrust. Before the ceremony a short service was performed by the Scottish Presbyterian minister Mr Hamilton. The four Livingstone children, representatives of learned society men, and the entire public all showed for his death. It was 1866 when Livingstone returned to the famous continent. This led the missionary to join the Royal Geographical Society, setting out to discover land for his country. David Livingstone was a Scottish missionary and explorer who traveled to Africa to serve as a doctor and spread Christianity. Livingstone changed history forever when he chose the “Dark Continent”, Africa, as his mission field. During this time, a publisher at the New York Herald decided to monopolize on the dramatic opportunity. The next morning at the family altar, David read Psalms 121 and 135, then prayed. He found himself in the village of Nyangwe, where he witnessed Arab slave traders killing hundreds of people. International societies and colleges all showered him with achievements and prizes. Not only did he bring the Gospel to the lost, but he revealed the continent of Africa to the whole world. These findings had never been known by the Western world prior to Livingstone. Even with his world-renowned fame, Livingstone’s primary goal was still to bring others to Christ. David Livingstone: Missionary, Explorer, and Abolitionist. 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